Break Even Point BEP Formula + Calculator

Let’s show a couple of examples of how to calculate the break-even point. Adam Hayes, Ph.D., CFA, is a financial writer with 15+ years Wall Street experience as a derivatives trader. Besides his extensive derivative trading expertise, Adam is an expert in economics and behavioral finance. Adam received his master’s in economics from The New School for Social Research and his Ph.D. from the University of Wisconsin-Madison in sociology.

Formula for Break-Even Analysis

  1. For instance, if you sell a stock for a $10 profit subject to long-term capital gains tax, you will have to pay $1.50 in taxes.
  2. Management may attempt to add up these costs and determine that they need to sell irons for, let’s say, at least $36 each to avoid losing money on the irons.
  3. This $40 reflects the revenue collected to cover the remaining fixed costs, which are excluded when figuring the contribution margin.
  4. When that happens, the break-even point also goes up because of the additional expense.

Calculating the breakeven point is just one component of cost-volume-profit analysis, but it’s often an essential first step in establishing a sales price point that ensures a profit. The information required to calculate a business’s BEP can be found in its financial statements. The first pieces of information required are the fixed costs applied overhead vs actual overhead and the gross margin percentage. Assume an investor pays a $4 premium for a Meta (formerly Facebook) put option with a $180 strike price. That allows the put buyer to sell 100 shares of Meta stock (META) at $180 per share until the option’s expiration date. The put position’s breakeven price is $180 minus the $4 premium, or $176.

Is my cost per unit sustainable?

Lower variable costs equate to greater profits per unit and reduce the total number that must be produced. Since the price per unit minus the variable costs of product is the definition of the contribution margin per unit, you can simply rephrase the equation by dividing the fixed costs by the contribution margin. To find your variable costs per unit, start by finding your total cost of goods sold in a month. If you have any other costs tied to the products you sell—like payments to a contractor to complete a job—add them to your cost of goods sold to find your total variable costs. The breakeven formula for a business provides a dollar figure that is needed to break even.

Logistics Calculators

Many or all of the products featured here are from our partners who compensate us. This influences which products we write about and where and how the product appears on a page. So to break even, Maria needs to create and sell eight quilts a month. If she wants to turn a profit, she’ll need to sell at least nine quilts a month. It’s easiest to present the concept of break-even from an investor’s standpoint.

Production managers and executives have to be keenly aware of their level of sales and how close they are to covering fixed and variable costs at all times. That’s why they constantly try to change elements in the formulas reduce the number of units need to produce and increase profitability. The break-even point is equal to the total fixed costs divided by the difference between the unit price and variable costs. Generally, to calculate the breakeven point in business, fixed costs are divided by the gross profit margin.

With racing-to-the-bottom pricing, losses can be incurred when break-even prices give way to even lower prices. Break-even price is also used in managerial economics to determine the costs of scaling a product’s manufacturing capabilities. Typically, an increase in product manufacturing volumes translates to a decrease in break-even prices because costs are spread over more product quantity. In options trading, the break-even price is the price in the underlying asset at which investors can choose to exercise or dispose of the contract without incurring a loss. The question of whether the break-even sales price is achieveable is paramount. This is the minimum price the company needs to sell their product for in order to not lose money.

To calculate the break-even point in sales dollars, divide the total fixed costs by the contribution margin ratio. The contribution margin ratio is the contribution margin per unit divided by the sale price. The break-even point formula is calculated by dividing the total fixed costs of production by the price per unit less the variable costs to produce the product. Calculating the breakeven point is a key financial analysis tool used by business owners. Once you know the fixed and variable costs for the product your business produces or a good approximation of them, you can use that information to calculate your company’s breakeven point.

On the other hand, if this were applied to a put option, the breakeven point would be calculated as the $100 strike price minus the $10 premium paid, amounting to $90. That’s the difference between the number of units required to meet a profit goal and the required units that must be sold to cover the expenses. In our example, Barbara had to produce and sell 2,500 units to cover the factory expenditures and had to produce 3,500 units in order to meet her profit objectives. It’s the amount of sales the company can afford to lose but still cover its expenditures. Alternatively, the break-even point can also be calculated by dividing the fixed costs by the contribution margin.

This is a step further from the base calculations, but having done the math on BEP beforehand, you can easily move on to more complex estimates. We use the formulas for number of units, revenue, margin, and markup in our break-even calculator which conveniently computes them for you. The break-even point is the number of units that you must sell in order to make a profit of zero.

Using the break-even point formula above we plug in the numbers ($10,000 in fixed costs / $120 in contribution margin). Sometimes companies want to analyze the total revenue and sales needed to cover the total costs involved in running the company. It’s also important to keep in mind that all of these models reflect non-cash expense like depreciation. A more advanced break-even analysis calculator would subtract out non-cash expenses from the fixed costs to compute the break-even point cash flow level.

Also, remember that this analysis doesn’t take into consideration the present vs. future value of your funds. See the time value of money calculator for more information about this topic. Over 1.8 million professionals use CFI to learn accounting, financial analysis, modeling and more.

In conclusion, just like the output for the goal seek approach in Excel, the implied units needed to be sold for the company to break even come out to 5k. The incremental revenue beyond the break-even point (BEP) contributes toward the accumulation of more profits for the company. There is no net loss or gain at the break-even point (BEP), but the company is now operating at a profit from that point onward. This calculator will help you determine the break-even point for your business.

It also assumes that there is a linear relationship between costs and production. Break-even analysis ignores external factors such as competition, market demand, and changes in consumer preferences. The break-even point for sales is 83.33 or 84 units, which need to be sold before the company covers their fixed costs. From that point on, or 85 units and beyond, the company will have paid for their fixed costs and record a profit per unit. However, it might be too complicated to do the calculation, so you can spare yourself some time and efforts by using this Break-even Calculator. All you need to do is provide information about your fixed costs, and your cost and revenue per unit.

This analysis can also serve as a much needed advisor on cutting costs and fixing selling prices. Now Barbara can go back to the board and say that the company must sell at least 2,500 units or the equivalent of $1,250,000 in sales before any profits are realized. To calculate BEP, you also need the amount of fixed costs that needs to be covered by the break-even units sold. An options investor buys a September $60 strike call option on stock ABC that is currently trading at $50/share. If ABC stock rose to $62, exercising the option would be worth exactly the $2/share that the investor paid for the option, meaning $62 is the breakeven price level for this strategy. For the example of Maggie’s Mugs, she paid $5 per mug and $10 for them to be painted.

Break-even analysis is critical in business planning and corporate finance because assumptions about costs and potential sales determine if a company (or project) is on track to profitability. For instance, if management decided to increase the sales price of the couches in our example by $50, it would have a drastic impact on the number of units required to sell before profitability. They can also change the variable costs for each unit by adding more automation to the production process.

By using NOPAT, you incorporate the cost of all actual operations, including the effect of taxes. For the rest of this section, we use the first formula to calculate the break-even point. Having a successful business can be easier and more achievable when you have this information.

For example, if a book’s selling price is $100 and its variable costs are $5 to make the book, $95 is the contribution margin per unit and contributes to offsetting the fixed costs. Break-even analysis compares income from sales to the fixed costs of doing business. Five components of break-even analysis include fixed costs, variable costs, revenue, contribution margin, and break-even point (BEP). When companies calculate the BEP, they identify the amount of sales required to cover all fixed costs to begin generating a profit. The break-even point formula can help find the BEP in units or sales dollars.

In investing, the breakeven point is the point at which the original cost equals the market price. Meanwhile, the breakeven point in options trading occurs when the market price of an underlying asset reaches the level at which a buyer will not incur a loss. Use this calculator to easily calculate the break even point for any product or service. Estimate how many units you need to sell before you break even, covering both your fixed and variable costs, and how long it would take you.

Using the earlier example, let’s say that the total fixed costs are $10,000. Note that the total fixed costs aren’t per product but rather the sum total of your business expenses over any given time period, whether that’s a month, quarter, or year (you choose!). Once you know these three numbers, you are ready to perform your break even calculation. Using the calculator above, plug in your numbers and see how many units (ie. products) you have to sell in a typical month to cover your costs. The calculator will also tell you the total revenue you will need to bring in to cover your fixed costs PLUS the costs of delivering your product or service. In accounting terms, it refers to the production level at which total production revenue equals total production costs.

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